Harvard Referencing (part 2)

Posted: 12th Jul 2011

Today’s post follows on from the previous one on citing books INTEXT. This post explains how books should be cited under the Harvard System of Referencing in the REFERENCE LIST or BIBLIOGRAPHY.


Referencing a book with one to four authors at the end of your work should be done in the following way:

Author, Initials., Author, Initials., Author, Initials. and Author, Initials., Year. Title. Edition. Place of publication: publisher.
e.g. Smith, R. F., Smith, S., Brown, F. and White, P., 2007. An example title. 2nd ed. London: Publishing Press.

You only need to include the edition if it is not a first edition. If you can’t see an edition number on the front page or title page, it is most likely a first edition. The place of publication should be a town or city, not a country.

For books with more than four authors, you should just cite the first author followed by ‘et al’.
e.g. Thompson, S. et al., 1999. Another example title. Oxford: Publishing Press.

If the book you wish to cite a chapter of an edited book, cite it as follows:

Author, Initials., Year of chapter. Title of chapter. In: Editor, ed. Year. Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher, pages.
e.g. Stevens, C., 1999. My chapter. In: S. Smith, ed. 2001. My book. London: Publishing Press, pp. 23-39.

Notice the editor name has the initial before the name. For more than one editor, replace ‘ed.’ with ‘eds.’

The bibliography should be in alphabetical order, but where there are several works by the same author, put them in chronological order with the earliest first.

Keep checking the blog for more Harvard referencing help!


Neville, C., 2007. The Complete Guide to Referencing and Avoiding Plagiarism. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Pears, R. and Shields, G., 2006. Cite Them Right: The Essential Guide to Referencing and Plagiarism. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Northumbria University Press.

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Harvard Referencing

This blog post is the first in a series about how to reference according to the Harvard System of Referencing, with examples.

Today, we will be looking at one of the most frequent types of citation: books. The way these should be cited in Harvard referencing varies according to several criteria, including the number of authors and whether the citation is INTEXT or in the REFERENCE LIST/BIBLIOGRAPHY – this post focuses on INTEXT only.

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